Viola palustris
Marsh Violet


Hudson Bay Regional Park

All the sepals and all the petals have been removed from this specimen.  Each anther is tipped with an orange appendage.  These appendages form a cone around the style.  Two of the five anthers have a backward pointing spur.

A key to violets originally written by Vern Harmes and subsequently expanded by Glen Lee to include most of the violets found in Saskatchewan can be found here

Palustris: Answers to questions in Lee/Harmes key leading to this species. 

rootstalk slender; NOT [rootstalk thick]

runners present; NOT [runners absent]

plant without leafy flowering stems, the leaf and flower stems all arise directly from a central rootstalk; NOT [plant with leafy flowering stems]

plants glabrous; NOT [some leaves with hairy petioles]

leaves not deeply divided or lobed, merely shallowly toothed; NOT [leaves cleft almost to their bases]

flowers pale mauve; NOT [flowers blue-purple], NOT [flowers yellow], NOT [flowers white]

NOT [flower spur is long, about 2/3 the length of the petal blade]

side petals or all petals bearded; NOT [petals beardless]


Violaceae: Answers to key questions in Budd's Flora leading to this family. 

herbs; NOT [shrubs or trees]

plants terrestrial or semiaquatic; NOT [plants aquatic, leaves submerged or floating]

plants not with colored milky juice

plants with more than one normal leaf

some or all leaves alternate; NOT [leaves opposite, whorled, or basal]

leaves with stipules; NOT [leaves without stipules, or having glands]

flowers with two floral rings

calyx regular; NOT [calyx irregular, some sepals smaller than others]

corolla with each petal distinct from the others

corolla irregular in shape; NOT [corolla regular in shape]

corolla with one petal spurred or sac-like; NOT [corolla pea-like]

stamens usually separate or partly so, not in a column; NOT [stamens numerous, united into a column]

fruit a 3-valved capsule; NOT [fruit a legume]